What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism Spectrum Disorder:

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are neurobiological in nature, meaning that there is a difference in brain function for those who have it. Characteristics can be perceived as mental health disorders, such as OCD, ADHD, Conduct Disorders or Mood Disorders (Anxiety, Depression, and Bi-polar); however, the interventions are significantly different. The CDC currently estimates that 1 in 110 people in the US are diagnosed with an ASD. It can be diagnosed at any age, but it can be difficult to identify which ASD is present. It is thought that the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) will not separate the types of ASDs, but put them all under an “umbrella”.
 
Characteristics can include:
Communication differences-difficulty understanding social aspects of communication or abstract language. Interpersonal relationship struggles-the ability to recognize and understand beliefs, thoughts and intentions of others. Sensory issues-Sensory seeking or avoidance. This can include visual, auditory, smell, touch or taste or any combination of all of them. Challenging behaviors-may respond to environmental stimuli or misunderstanding others; intentions by withdrawing or having meltdowns, which are often perceived by others as tantrums. Also, they may have a low tolerance for change or frustration. People with ASDs are kind, intelligent, compassionate and articulate. They struggle to navigate a world that seems foreign, often no being able to express how they feel or what they need in a socially acceptable manner. It is believed that Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, Thomas Jefferson, Mozart, Dan Aykroyd and many others display(ed) characteristics of ASDs.